Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Approaches

Cognitive behavioural therapy is a common practice used to help people suffering from a variety of problems from depression to anxiety, fear and impulsive disorders.

This type of therapy is carried out by professionals such as psychiatrists and psychologists and involves talking through problems and problem solving.

The professionally trained psychiatrist or psychologist will spend a number of sessions with the patient talking to them to find the root cause of their problem. This involves how they think and behave, how they think about themselves and how they deal with various situations. They then work on coping techniques, which is a type of problem solving to assist them in dealing with situations moving forward.

Cognitive behavioural therapy is also often used in couples counselling, to help couples air their concerns and feelings and then learn coping mechanisms to deal with those feeling. This teaches them to communicate effectively, find ways to deal with problems within the relationship and determine if they want to move forward together or apart.

Through regular talks and being open and honest, patients are able to identify key issues and then learn how to deal with them, finding solutions that can help them in the future. The patient moves at their own pace, each session is up to an hour long and this type of practice can last anywhere from six weeks to twenty weeks, or it can be ongoing, depending on what the patient is most comfortable with.

The psychologist or psychiatrist will speak to the patient to determine their routines and habits and then give them the tool they need to manage their day effectively. This type of treatment can improve self-esteem, social skills and so much more.

There are a number of approaches that are used for cognitive behavioural therapy and these approaches are based on the problem and the patient. Not all patients will respond to the same treatment solution, which is why each patient is treated as unique as the profession determines the best way to move forward.

One of the most common cognitive behavioural approaches includes desensitisation. Desensitisation is carried out over a number of sessions and requires the patient to list everything they fear from the item that isn’t too bad to the most frightening.

The therapist will work on relaxation techniques with the patient, which is designed to help them face their fears head on. Over a few sessions the patient will work on relaxation and then think of the least fearful item on their list. They need to imagine themselves there and calm themselves in the situation. Then they work up the list until they are faced with their most feared thing.

Relaxation techniques is another very popular approach in cognitive behavioural therapy and can include relaxation and breathing exercises to help calm the patient when faced with a difficult situation which they can’t normally deal with.

Social skills is another approach that is used, especially for those who are afraid of other people or members of the opposite sex. It is often found that those that have been bullied throughout their lives don’t have the best social skills in their adult’s lives and this type of therapy can help them overcome this to lead a normal and happy life.

It is very important when choosing cognitive behavioural therapy that you choose a therapist you feel most comfortable with. If you are a woman and are nervous around men, then make sure you choose a woman therapist for the best results. Remember you will need to be open and honest and it’s easier to do this if you feel at ease during your sessions.